Emily Carr Chronology

1871    Born on December 13 at 44 Carr St. (207 Government St.), Victoria

1886    Mother (Emily) dies on September 22

1888    Father (Richard) dies on November 20

1890–1893    Studies art at the California School of Design in San Francisco

1893    Sets up cow barn studio at Carr House

1895    Duncan/Lake Cowichan trip with girlfriends

1899    Travels aboard S.S. Willapa to Presbyterian mission at Ucluelet; sketches in Native village; acquires name Klee Wyck; meets William “Mayo” Paddon

1899–1904    Studies art in England

1904    Spends a month in the Cariboo region on the return trip from England

1905    Returns to Ucluelet

1906    Sproat Lake?

1906–1910    Lives in Vancouver teaching art; meets Sophie Frank; takes sketching trips throughout the region, into the Interior, and north as far as Alert Bay

1907    Takes a cruise to Alaska with her sister Alice; inspired by what she perceives as doomed aboriginal culture embarks on a personal mission to record what she can

1908–1909    Travels inland to Lytton and Hope, to Sechelt on the Sunshine Coast, and north to Alert Bay, Campbell River and Cape Mudge

1910–1911    Studies art in France (July 1910–autumn 1911); returns briefly to Victoria

1912–1913    Moves back to Vancouver

1912    First extensive northern trip takes in Kwakwaka’wakw villages around Alert Bay: ’Yalis, Gwa’yasdams on Gilford
Island, ’Mi’mkwamlis on Village Island, Kalugwis on Tumour Island, and T’sadzis’nukwaame (New Vancouver);
Gitxsan villages of the Skeena River: Hagwilget, Gitseguekla (Kitsegukla), Gitwangak (Kitwanga), Gitanmaax
(Hazelton), Ans’payaxw (Kispiox); Port Essington and Prince Rupert; and Haida villages on Haida Gwaii (the
Queen Charlotte Islands): Cumshewa, Skedans, Tanoo, Haina, Cha’atl, Old Masset, Yan and Ka-yang

1913    Mounts solo show in Vancouver and delivers her Lecture on Totems; builds Hill House and moves to Victoria; builds a cottage in Oak Bay

1916–1917    Closes Hill House and spends eight months (to June 1917) painting murals at the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco; started bobtail dog kennel on return to Victoria

1919    Sells Oak Bay cottage; two sisters die: Clara (January) and Edith (December)

1921    Trades bobtail puppy for Woo the monkey; closes bobtail kennel

1920s    Art takes a back seat to landlady duties; makes limited sketching trips to the Okanagan Valley, Sproat Lake,
Duncan, Chemainus, Cowichan Bay, and Westholme Island; meets Carol Williams and Kate Mather; begins
annual pottery exhibition

1923    Starts Belgian griffon kennel and continues operations until the late 1920s

1926    Takes correspondence writing course through the Palmer Institute of Authorship, Hollywood, California

1927    Receives invitation to exhibit in the Canadian West Coast Art, Native and Modern show at the National Gallery in Ottawa; travels east for the exhibition; connects with Group of Seven artists in Toronto, especially Lawren Harris; spends part of her 56th birthday in his studio; keeps a journal of the trip

1928    Second extensive northern trip takes in Alert Bay; the Skeena villages of Gitseguelda (Kitsegukla), Gitwangak (Kitwanga), Ans’payaxw (Kispiox), Gitanyow (Kitwancool); the Nisga’a villages of the Naas River: Angida, Gitiks, Laxgalts’ap (Greenville); and the Haida villages of Caynaa (Haina), Hlragilda (Skidegate) and Q’una (Skedans)

1929    Travels to Yuquot/Friendly Cove in May and to Port Renfrew in August

1930    Begins keeping a regular journal; makes a speech defending modern art during her very successful Crystal Gardens solo show in Victoria (March); travels east to Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and New York (April); visits Northern Vancouver Island Kwakwaka’wakw villages near Fort Rupert/Port Hardy and Quatsino (August)

1931    Rents various cottages and shacks around Victoria sketching in Cordoba Bay, Goldstream, and Metchosin

1932    Takes sketching trips to Braden Mountain (Metchosin Hills) and Mount Douglas

1933    Travels inland from Brackendale to Lillooet, Seeton and Anderson Lakes, and Pemberton; beloved dog Koko dies at Lillooet; buys the Elephant and camps in Goldstream Park; makes final eastern trip to Chicago World’s Fair and Toronto

1934    Camps in the Elephant at Esquimalt Lagoon and Strathdee Farm; takes short story writing summer course at Provincial Normal School in Victoria; takes additional adult education writing course during the winter at Victoria High School

1935    Camps with the Elephant at Albert Head (June and September); trades Hill House for Oscar Street house, rents it out and moves to 316 Beckley Avenue

1936    Sister Elizabeth dies (August); camps in the Elephant at Spencer’s Farm in Metchosin (June and September)

1937    Suffers first heart attack in January; begins grouping stories written over eleven years by theme; sends first collection to MacMillan; Lady Tweedsmuir visits Beckley Avenue

1938    MacMillan rejects story collection, suggests Ryerson; Ryerson loses manuscript for eleven months; helps Alice with final clear up for sale of Carr House; sells the Elephant; rents farm cottage in Telegraph Bay

1939    Suffers slight stroke; friend Ruth Humphries shows her stories to CBC executive Ira Dilworth; rents Mrs. Shadford’s shack in Esquimalt

1940    First stories read on CBC radio (February); moves in with Alice; suffers second slight heart attack; rents accommodations at Pendray House (Havenwood) and Metchosin gravel pits; suffers a major stroke; Dilworth submits stories to Oxford University Press

1941    Establishes the Emily Carr Trust; Klee Wyck is published and wins Governor General’s Award; Emily hosted to 70th birthday party by Women’s Canadian Club of Victoria 1942 Rents cabin in Mount Douglas Park; Book of Small is published; suffers severe stroke; has Carol Williams Pearson bury a box of personal items in Beacon Hill Park

1943    Previously painted whenever able, now spends most of her time in bed working on stories and autobiography

1944    House of All Sorts is published

1945    Moves to St. Mary’s Priory for recuperation; dies March 2 (note discrepancy with plaque on Emily Carr Bridge in Beacon Hill Park, which gives the date as March 3)

1946–1972 Posthumous publications: Growing Pains (1946); Pause (1953); The Heart of a Peacock (1953); Hundreds and Thousands (1966); Fresh Seeing (1972)